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0#翻译
Chapter 18: Internationalization
--------------------------------
第十八章 国际化
--------------------------------

261天前 翻译
1#翻译
Django was originally developed smack in the middle of the United States (literally; Lawrence,
Kansas, is less than 40 miles from the geographic center of the continental United States). Like
most open source projects, though, Djangos community grew to include people from all over the
globe. As Djangos community became increasingly diverse, *internationalization* and
*localization* became increasingly important. Since many developers have at best a fuzzy
understanding of these terms, well define them briefly.
Django诞生于美国,和许多其他的开源软件一样,Django社区发展中得到了全球范围的支持。所以Djano社区的国际化应用变得非常重要。由于大量开发者对本章内容比较困惑,所以我们将详细介绍。
448天前 Janeece 翻译
2#翻译
*Internationalization* refers to the process of designing programs for the potential use of any
locale. This includes marking text (like UI elements and error messages) for future translation,
abstracting the display of dates and times so that different local standards may be observed,
providing support for differing time zones, and generally making sure that the code contains no
assumptions about the location if its users. Youll often see internationalization abbreviated
*I18N* (the number 18 refers to the number of letters omitted between the initial I and the
terminal N).
国际化是指为了在任何其它地区使用该软件而进行设计的过程。它包括为了以后的翻译而标记文本(比如用户界面控件和错误信息等),提取出日期和时间的显示以保证显示遵循不同地区的标准,为不同时区提供支持,并且在一般情况下确保代码中不会有关于使用者所在地区的假设。您可以经常看到国际化被缩写为“I18N”(18表示Internationlization这个单词首字母I和结尾字母N之间的字母有18个)。
261天前 翻译
3#翻译
*Localization* refers to the process of actually translating an internationalized program for
use in a particular locale. Youll sometimes see localization abbreviated as *L10N* .
本地化是指使一个国际化的程序为了在某个特定地区使用而进行翻译的过程。有时,本地化缩写为 *L10N* 。
448天前 翻译
4#翻译
Django itself is fully internationalized; all strings are marked for translation, and settings
control the display of locale-dependent values like dates and times. Django also ships with over
40 different localization files. If youre not a native English speaker, theres a good chance
that Django is already is translated into your primary language.
Django本身是完全国际化的;所有的字符串均被标记为需要翻译,而且在选项中可以设置区域选项(如时间和日期)的显示。Django是带着40个不同的本地化文件发行的。即使您不是以英语作为母语的,也很有可能Django已经被翻译为您的母语了。
261天前 翻译
5#翻译
The same internationalization framework used for these localizations is available for you to use
in your own code and templates.
这些本地化文件所使用的国际化框架同样也可以被用在您自己的代码和模板中。
448天前 Linx 翻译
6#翻译
In a nutshell, youll need to add a minimal number of hooks to your Python code and templates.
These hooks are called *translation strings* . They tell Django, This text should be translated
into the end users language, if a translation for this text is available in that language.
简要地说,您只需要添加少量的hook到您的Python代码和模板中。这些hook被称为“翻译字符串”。它们告诉Django,如果这段文本可以被翻译为终端用户语言,那么就翻译这段文本。
448天前 翻译
7#翻译
Django takes care of using these hooks to translate Web applications, on the fly, according to
users language preferences.
Django根据用户的语言偏好来使用这些hook去翻译Web应用程序。
448天前 翻译
8#翻译
Essentially, Django does two things:
本质上来说,Django做这两件事情:
448天前 Jeannie 翻译
9#翻译
*   It lets developers and template authors specify which parts of their applications should be
    translatable.
*   由开发者和模板的作者指定他们的应用程序的哪些部分是需要被翻译的。
448天前 翻译
10#翻译
*   It uses that information to translate Web applications for particular users according to
    their language preferences.
*   Django根据用户的语言偏好来翻译Web应用程序。
448天前 Forever 翻译
11#翻译
Note
备注:
448天前 翻译
12#翻译
Djangos translation machinery uses GNU ``gettext`` (`http://www.gnu.org/software/gettext/`_) via
the standard ``gettext`` module that comes with Python.
Django的翻译机制是使用 GNU ``gettext`` (http://www.gnu.org/software/gettext/),具体为Python标准模块 ``gettext`` 。
448天前 翻译
13#翻译
If You Dont Need Internationalization:
如果您不需要国际化:
448天前 翻译
14#翻译
Djangos internationalization hooks are enabled by default, which incurs a small bit of overhead.
If you dont use internationalization, you should set ``USE_I18N = False`` in your settings file.
If ``USE_I18N`` is set to ``False`` , then Django will make some optimizations so as not to load
the internationalization machinery.
Django国际化的hook默认是开启的,这可能会给Django增加一点点负担。如果您不需要国际化支持,那么您可以在您的设置文件中设置 ``USE_I18N = False`` 。如果 ``USE_I18N`` 被设为 ``False`` ,那么Django会进行一些优化,而不加载国际化支持机制。
261天前 翻译
15#翻译
Youll probably also want to remove ``'django.core.context_processors.i18n'`` from your
``TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS`` setting.
您也可以从您的 ``TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS`` 设置中移除 ``'django.core.context_processors.i18n'`` 。
448天前 Nevea 翻译
16#翻译
Specifying Translation Strings in Python Code
`````````````````````````````````````````````
在Python代码中指定翻译字符串
`````````````````````````````````````````````
448天前 翻译
17#翻译
Translation strings specify This text should be translated. These strings can appear in your
Python code and templates. Its your responsibility to mark translatable strings; the system can
only translate strings it knows about.
翻译字符串指定这段文本需要被翻译。这些字符串出现在您的Python代码和模板中。您需要做的是标记出这些翻译字符串;而系统只会翻译出它所知道的东西。
261天前 翻译
18#翻译
Standard Translation Functions
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
标准的翻译函数
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
261天前 Yamary 翻译
19#翻译
Specify a translation string by using the function ``_()`` . (Yes, the name of the function is
the underscore character.) This function is available globally (i.e., as a built-in language);
you dont have to import it.
ocf07R  <a href="http://qpopfudogomm.com/">qpopfudogomm</a>, [url=http://zlxzyubhhfhd.com/]zlxzyubhhfhd[/url], [link=http://dbedjhghgiph.com/]dbedjhghgiph[/link], http://opgcbbdwditr.com/
2143天前 翻译
20#翻译
In this example, the text ``"Welcome to my site."`` is marked as a translation string:
在下面这个例子中,这段文本 ``"Welcome to my site"`` 被标记为翻译字符串:
3337天前 翻译
23#翻译
The function ``django.utils.translation.gettext()`` is identical to ``_()`` . This example is
identical to the previous one:
函数 ``django.utils.translation.gettext()`` 与 ``_()`` 是相同的。下面这个例子与前一个例子没有区别:
3337天前 Trisha 翻译
26#翻译
Most developers prefer to use ``_()`` , as its shorter.
大多数开发者喜欢使用  ``_()`` , 因为它比较短小.
261天前 翻译
27#翻译
Translation works on computed values. This example is identical to the previous two:
翻译字符串对于语句同样有效。下面这个例子和前面两个例子相同:
3337天前 翻译
30#翻译
Translation works on variables. Again, heres an identical example:
翻译也可以对变量进行。同样的例子:
261天前 翻译
33#翻译
(The caveat with using variables or computed values, as in the previous two examples, is that
Djangos translation-string-detecting utility, ``make-messages.py`` , wont be able to find these
strings. More on ``make-messages`` later.)
(如以上两个例子所示地使用变量或语句,需要注意的一点是Django的翻译字符串检测工具, ``make-messages.py`` ,不能找到这些字符串。在后面的内容中会继续讨论这个问题。)
3346天前 翻译
34#翻译
The strings you pass to ``_()`` or ``gettext()`` can take placeholders, specified with Pythons
standard named-string interpolation syntax, for example:
传递给 ``_()`` 或 ``gettext()`` 的字符串可以接受由Python标准字典型对象的格式化字符串表达式指定的占位符,比如:
3346天前 Trixie 翻译
37#翻译
This technique lets language-specific translations reorder the placeholder text. For example, an
English translation may be ``"Adrian is my name."`` , while a Spanish translation may be ``"Me
llamo Adrian."`` , with the placeholder (the name) placed after the translated text instead of
before it.
这项技术使得特定语言的译文可以对这段文本进行重新排序。比如,一段文本的英语翻译为 ``"Adrian is my name."`` ,而西班牙语翻译为 ``"Me llamo Adrian."`` ,此时,占位符(即name)实在被翻译的文本之前而不是之后。
3346天前 翻译
38#翻译
For this reason, you should use named-string interpolation (e.g., ``%(name)s`` ) instead of
positional interpolation (e.g., ``%s`` or ``%d`` ). If you use positional interpolation,
translations wont be able to reorder placeholder text.
正因为如此,您应该使用字典型对象的格式化字符串(比如, ``%(name)s`` ),而不是针对位置的格式化字符串(比如, ``%s`` 或 ``%d`` )。如果您使用针对位置的格式化字符串,翻译机制将无法重新安排包含占位符的文本。
3346天前 Cade 翻译
39#翻译
Marking Strings As No-op
''''''''''''''''''''''''
标记字符串为不操作
''''''''''''''''''''''''
261天前 翻译
40#翻译
Use the function ``django.utils.translation.gettext_noop()`` to mark a string as a translation
string without actually translating it at that moment. Strings thus marked arent translated
until the last possible moment.
翻译 1170天前 Domran 翻译
41#翻译
Use this approach if you have constant strings that should be stored in the original language
such as strings in a database but should be translated at the last possible point in time, such
as when the string is presented to the user.
使用这种方法的环境是,有字符串必须以原始语言的形式存储(如储存在数据库中的字符串)而在最后需要被翻译出来,如当其在用户前显示出来时。
3386天前 Mimosa 翻译
42#翻译
Lazy Translation
''''''''''''''''
惰性翻译
''''''''''''''''
261天前 翻译
43#翻译
Use the function ``django.utils.translation.gettext_lazy()`` to translate strings lazily when
the value is accessed rather than when the ``gettext_lazy()`` function is called.
使用 ``django.utils.translation.gettext_lazy()`` 函数,使得其中的值只有在访问时才会被翻译,而不是在 ``gettext_lazy()`` 被调用时翻译。
3346天前 Char 翻译
44#翻译
For example, to mark a fieldss ``help_text`` attribute as translatable, do the following:
比如,要标记 ``help_text`` 列是需要翻译的,可以这么做:
261天前 Puss 翻译
47#翻译
In this example, ``gettext_lazy()`` stores a lazy reference to the string not the actual
translation. The translation itself will be done when the string is used in a string context,
such as template rendering on the Django admin site.
在这个例子中, ``gettext_lazy()`` 将字符串作为惰性翻译字符串存储,此时并没有进行翻译。翻译工作将在字符串在字符串上下文中被用到时进行,比如在Django管理页面提交模板时。
3346天前 Rayonna 翻译
48#翻译
If you dont like the verbose name ``gettext_lazy`` , you can just alias it as ``_``
(underscore), like so:
如果觉得 ``gettext_lazy`` 太过冗长,可以用 ``_`` (下划线)作为别名,就像这样:
3346天前 Kathy 翻译
51#翻译
Always use lazy translations in Django models (otherwise they wont be translated correctly on a
per-user basis). And its a good idea to add translations for the field names and table names,
too. This means writing explicit ``verbose_name`` and ``verbose_name_plural`` options in the
``Meta`` class:
在Django模型中最好一直使用惰性翻译(除非这样翻译的结果无法正确地显示)。同时,对于列名和表名最好也能进行翻译。这需要在 ``Meta`` 中明确 ``verbose_name`` 和 ``verbose_name_plural`` 的值:
3346天前 Suzyn 翻译
54#翻译
Pluralization
'''''''''''''
复数的处理
'''''''''''''
3436天前 Jane 翻译
55#翻译
Use the function ``django.utils.translation.ngettext()`` to specify messages that have different
singular and plural forms, for example:
使用 ``django.utils.translation.ngettext()`` 函数来指定有单数和复数形式之分的信息,比如:
261天前 翻译
58#翻译
``ngettext`` takes three arguments: the singular translation string, the plural translation
string, and the number of objects (which is passed to the translation languages as the ``count``
variable).
``ngettext`` 函数包括三个参数:单数形式的翻译字符串,复数形式的翻译字符串,和对象的个数(将以 ``count`` 变量传递给需要翻译的语言)。
261天前 翻译
59#翻译
Specifying Translation Strings in Template Code
```````````````````````````````````````````````
在模板中指定翻译字符串
261天前 翻译
60#翻译
Using translations in Django templates uses two template tags and a slightly different syntax
than in Python code. To give your template access to these tags, put ``{% load i18n %}`` toward
the top of your template.
Django模板使用两种模板标签,且语法格式与Python代码有些许不同。为了使得模板访问到标签,需要将 ``{% load i18n %}`` 放在模板最前面。
261天前 翻译
61#翻译
The ``{% trans %}`` template tag marks a string for translations:
``{% trans %}`` 模板标签标记需要翻译的字符串:
3346天前 Dortha 翻译
64#翻译
If you only want to mark a value for translation, but translate it later, use the ``noop``
option:
如果只需要标记字符串而以后再翻译,可以使用 ``noop`` 选项:
261天前 翻译
67#翻译
Its not possible to use template variables in ``{% trans %}`` only constant strings, in single
or double quotes, are allowed. If your translations require variables (placeholders), use ``{%
blocktrans %}`` , for example:
在 ``{% trans %}`` 中不允许使用模板中的变量,只能使用单引号或双引号中的字符串。如果翻译时需要用到变量(占位符),可以使用 ``{% blocktrans %}`` ,比如:
3346天前 King 翻译
70#翻译
To translate a template expression say, using template filters you need to bind the expression
to a local variable for use within the translation block:
使用模板过滤器来翻译一个模板表达式,需要在翻译的这段文本中将表达式绑定到一个本地变量中:
261天前 翻译
73#翻译
If you need to bind more than one expression inside a ``blocktrans`` tag, separate the pieces
with ``and`` :
如果需要在 ``blocktrans`` 标签内绑定多个表达式,可以用 ``and`` 来分隔:
261天前 翻译
76#翻译
To pluralize, specify both the singular and plural forms with the ``{% plural %}`` tag, which
appears within ``{% blocktrans %}`` and ``{% endblocktrans %}`` , for example:
为了表示单复数相关的内容,需要在 ``{% blocktrans %}`` 和 ``{% endblocktrans %}`` 之间使用 ``{% plural %}`` 标签来指定单复数形式,例如:
3346天前 Ireland 翻译
79#翻译
Internally, all block and inline translations use the appropriate ``gettext`` /``ngettext``
call.
其内在机制是,所有的块和内嵌翻译调用相应的 ``gettext`` 或 ``ngettext`` 。
262天前 Dortha 翻译
80#翻译
When you use ``RequestContext`` (see Chapter 10), your templates have access to three
translation-specific variables:
使用 ``RequestContext`` (见第10章)时,模板可以访问三个针对翻译的变量:
261天前 翻译
81#翻译
*   ``{{ LANGUAGES }}`` is a list of tuples in which the first element is the language code and
    the second is the language name (in that language).
*   ``{{ LANGUAGES }}`` 是一系列元组组成的列表,每个元组的第一个元素是语言代码,第二个元素是用该语言表示的语言名称。
3346天前 Bubbie 翻译
82#翻译
*   ``{{ LANGUAGE_CODE }}`` is the current users preferred language, as a string (e.g.,
    ``en-us`` ). (See the How Django Discovers Language Preference section for more
    information.)
*   ``{{ LANGUAGE_CODE }}`` 是以字符串表示的当前用户偏好语言(例如, ``en-us`` )。(详见 Django 如何确定语言偏好。)
3346天前 翻译
83#翻译
*   ``{{ LANGUAGE_BIDI }}`` is the current languages writing system. If ``True`` , its a
    right-to-left language (e.g., Hebrew, Arabic). If ``False`` , its a left-to-right language
    (e.g., English, French, German).
*   ``{{ LANGUAGE_BIDI }}`` 是当前语言的书写方式。若设为 ``True`` ,则该语言书写方向为从右到左(如希伯来语和阿拉伯语);若设为 ``False`` ,则该语言书写方向为从左到右(如英语、法语和德语)。
261天前 翻译
84#翻译
You can also load these values using template tags:
你也可以通过使用模板标签来加载这些变量:
3383天前 Lina 翻译
87#翻译
Translation hooks are also available within any template block tag that accepts constant
strings. In those cases, just use ``_()`` syntax to specify a translation string, for example:
翻译的hook在任何接受常量字符串的模板块标签内也是可以使用的。此时,使用 ``_()`` 表达式来指定翻译字符串,例如:
3346天前 翻译
90#翻译
In this case, both the tag and the filter will see the already-translated string (i.e., the
string is translated *before* being passed to the tag handler functions), so they dont need to
be aware of translations.
OQy5ZT  <a href="http://zicjwleradwz.com/">zicjwleradwz</a>, [url=http://klbbjyqcrtdt.com/]klbbjyqcrtdt[/url], [link=http://adylkqwpfagm.com/]adylkqwpfagm[/link], http://bghiparjlrvr.com/
2136天前 翻译
91#翻译
Creating Language Files
```````````````````````
创建语言文件
3383天前 翻译
92#翻译
Once youve tagged your strings for later translation, you need to write (or obtain) the language
translations themselves. In this section we explain how that works.
当你标记了翻译字符串,你就需要写出(或获取已有的)对应的语言翻译信息。在这一节中我们将解释如何使它起作用。
3383天前 翻译
93#翻译
Creating Message Files
''''''''''''''''''''''
创建信息文件
261天前 翻译
94#翻译
The first step is to create a *message file* for a new language. A message file is a plain-text
file representing a single language that contains all available translation strings and how they
should be represented in the given language. Message files have a ``.po`` file extension.
第一步,就是为一种语言创建一个信息文件。一个信息文件是包含了某一语言翻译字符串和对这些字符串的翻译的一个文本文件。信息文件以 ``.po`` 为后缀名。
3346天前 翻译
95#翻译
Django comes with a tool, ``bin/make-messages.py`` , that automates the creation and maintenance
of these files.
Django中带有一个工具, ``bin/make-messages.py`` ,它完成了这些文件的创建和维护工作。
3346天前 Jenibelle 翻译
96#翻译
To create or update a message file, run this command:
运行以下命令来创建或更新一个信息文件:
3381天前 Anitra 翻译
99#翻译
where ``de`` is the language code for the message file you want to create. The language code, in
this case, is in locale format. For example, its ``pt_BR`` for Brazilian Portuguese and
``de_AT`` for Austrian German. Take a look at thelanguage codes in the ``django/conf/locale/``
directory to see which languages are currently supported.
其中 ``de`` 是所创建的信息文件的语言代码。在这里,语言代码是以本地格式给出的。例如,巴西地区的葡萄牙语为 ``pt_BR`` ,澳大利亚地区的德语为 ``de_AT`` 。可查看 ``django/conf/locale`` 目录获取Django所支持的语言代码。
261天前 Ruvell 翻译
100#翻译
The script should be run from one of three places:
这段脚本应该在三处之一运行:
3381天前 翻译
101#翻译
*   The root ``django`` directory (not a Subversion checkout, but the one that is linked to via
    ``$PYTHONPATH`` or is located somewhere on that path)
*   ``django`` 根目录(不是Subversion检出目录,而是通过 ``$PYTHONPATH`` 链接或位于该路径的某处)
3346天前 翻译
102#翻译
*   The root directory of your Django project
*   Django项目根目录
3381天前 Holland 翻译
103#翻译
*   The root directory of your Django application
*   Django应用程序根目录
3381天前 翻译
104#翻译
The script runs over the entire tree it is run on and pulls out all strings marked for
translation. It creates (or updates) a message file in the directory ``conf/locale`` . In the
``de`` example, the file will be ``conf/locale/de/LC_MESSAGES/django.po`` .
该脚本作用于所在的整个目录树,并且抽取所有被标记的字符串以进行翻译。它在 ``conf/locale`` 目录下创建(或更新)了一个信息文件。在上面这个例子中,这个信息文件是 ``conf/locale/de/LC_MESSAGES/django.po`` 。
3346天前 翻译
105#翻译
If run over your project source tree or your application source tree, it will do the same, but
the location of the locale directory is ``locale/LANG/LC_MESSAGES`` (note the missing ``conf``
prefix). The first time you run it on your tree youll need to create the ``locale`` directory.
运行于项目源码树或应用程序源码树下时,该脚本完成同样的功能,但是此时locale目录的位置为 ``locale/LANG/LC_MESSAGES`` (注意没有``conf``前缀)。在第一次运行时需要创建 ``locale`` 目录。
261天前 翻译
106#翻译
No gettext?
没有gettext?
261天前 Brandi 翻译
107#翻译
If you dont have the ``gettext`` utilities installed, ``make-messages.py`` will create empty
files. If thats the case, either install the ``gettext`` utilities or just copy the English
message file (``conf/locale/en/LC_MESSAGES/django.po`` ) and use it as a starting point; its
just an empty translation file.
如果没有安装 ``gettext`` 组件, ``make-messages.py`` 将会创建空白文件。这种情况下,安装 ``gettext`` 组件或只是复制英语信息文件( ``conf/locale/en/LC_MESSAGES/django.po`` )来作为一个起点;只是一个空白的翻译信息文件而已。
3346天前 翻译
108#翻译
The format of ``.po`` files is straightforward. Each ``.po`` file contains a small bit of
metadata, such as the translation maintainers contact information, but the bulk of the file is a
list of *messages* simple mappings between translation strings and the actual translated text
for the particular language.
``.po`` 文件格式很直观。每个 ``.po`` 文件包含一小部分的元数据,比如翻译维护人员的联系信息,而文件的大部分内容是简单的翻译字符串和对应语言翻译结果的映射关系的列表。
261天前 翻译
109#翻译
For example, if your Django application contains a translation string for the text ``"Welcome to
my site."`` , like so:
举个例子,如果Django应用程序包括一个 ``"Welcome to my site."`` 的翻译字符串,像这样:
261天前 翻译
112#翻译
then ``make-messages.py`` will have created a ``.po`` file containing the following snippet a
message:
``make-message.py`` 将创建一个包含以下片段的 ``.po`` 文件:
261天前 翻译
115#翻译
A quick explanation is in order:
按顺序简单解释一下:
3361天前 翻译
116#翻译
*   ``msgid`` is the translation string, which appears in the source. Dont change it.
*  ``msgid`` 是在源文件中出现的翻译字符串。不要做改动。
261天前 翻译
117#翻译
*   ``msgstr`` is where you put the language-specific translation. It starts out empty, so its
    your responsibility to change it. Make sure you keep the quotes around your translation.
*   ``msgstr`` 是相应语言的翻译结果。刚创建时它只是空字符串,此时就需要你来完成它。注意不要丢掉语句前后的引号。
261天前 翻译
118#翻译
*   As a convenience, each message includes the file name and line number from which the
    translation string was gleaned.
*   方便起见,每一条信息包含了翻译字符串所在文件的文件名和行数。
3354天前 翻译
119#翻译
Long messages are a special case. The first string directly after ``msgstr`` (or ``msgid`` ) is
an empty string. Then the content itself will be written over the next few lines as one string
per line. Those strings are directly concatenated. Dont forget trailing spaces within the
strings; otherwise, theyll be tacked together without whitespace!
对于比较长的信息也有其处理方法。 ``msgstr`` (或 ``msgid`` )后紧跟着的字符串为一个空字符串。然后真正的内容在其下面的几行。这些字符串会被直接连在一起。同时,不要忘了字符串末尾的空格,因为它们会不加空格地连到一起。
262天前 翻译
120#翻译
For example, heres a multiline translation (taken from the Spanish localization that ships with
Django):
比如,以下是一个多行翻译(取自随Django发行的西班牙本地化文件):
3360天前 翻译
123#翻译
Note the trailing spaces.
注意每一行结尾的空格。
261天前 Kaylin 翻译
124#翻译
Mind Your Charset
注意字符集
3360天前 翻译
125#翻译
When creating a ``.po`` file with your favorite text editor, first edit the charset line (search
for ``"CHARSET"`` ) and set it to the charset youll be using to edit the content. Generally,
UTF-8 should work for most languages, but ``gettext`` should handle any charset you throw at it.
当你使用喜爱的文本编辑器创建 ``.po`` 文件时,首先请编辑字符集行(搜索 ``"CHARSET"`` ),并将其设为你将使用的字符集。一般说来,UTF-8对绝大多数语言有效,不过 ``gettext`` 会处理任何你所使用的字符集。
3346天前 Rusty 翻译
126#翻译
To reexamine all source code and templates for new translation strings and update all message
files for *all* languages, run this:
若要对新创建的翻译字符串校验所有的源代码和模板中,并且更新所有语言的信息文件,可以运行以下命令:
3360天前 Suevonne 翻译
129#翻译
Compiling Message Files
'''''''''''''''''''''''
编译信息文件
'''''''''''''''''''''''
3346天前 翻译
130#翻译
After you create your message file, and each time you make changes to it, youll need to compile
it into a more efficient form, for use by ``gettext`` . Do this with the
``bin/compile-messages.py`` utility.
创建信息文件之后,每次对其做了修改,都需要将它重新编译成一种更有效率的形式,供 ``gettext`` 使用。使用 `` bin/compile-messages.py `` 来完成这项工作。
3346天前 翻译
131#翻译
This tool runs over all available ``.po`` files and creates ``.mo`` files, which are binary
files optimized for use by ``gettext`` . In the same directory from which you ran
``make-messages.py`` , run ``compile-messages.py`` like this:
这个工具作用于所有有效的 ``.po`` 文件,创建优化过的二进制 ``.mo`` 文件供 ``gettext`` 使用。在运行 ``make-messages.py`` 的同一目录下,运行 ``compile-messages.py`` :
3346天前 Stone 翻译
134#翻译
Thats it. Your translations are ready for use.
就是这样了。你的翻译成果已经可以使用了。
261天前 翻译
135#翻译
How Django Discovers Language Preference
````````````````````````````````````````
Django如何处理语言偏好
262天前 Jalia 翻译
136#翻译
Once youve prepared your translations or, if you just want to use the translations that are
included with Django youll just need to activate translation for your application.
一旦你准备好了翻译,如果希望在Django中使用,那么只需要激活这些翻译即可。
3359天前 翻译
137#翻译
Behind the scenes, Django has a very flexible model of deciding which language should be used
installation-wide, for a particular user, or both.
在这些功能背后,Django拥有一个灵活的模型来确定在安装和使用应用程序的过程中选择使用的语言。
261天前 翻译
138#翻译
To set an installation-wide language preference, set ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` in your settings file.
Django uses this language as the default translation the final attempt if no other translator
finds a translation.
若要在整个安装和使用过程中确定语言偏好,就要在设置文件中设置 ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` 。Django将用指定的语言来进行翻译,如果没有其它的翻译器发现要进行翻译的语句,这就是最后一步了。
3346天前 翻译
139#翻译
If all you want to do is run Django with your native language, and a language file is available
for your language, simply set ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` .
如果你只是想要用本地语言来运行Django,并且该语言的语言文件存在,只需要简单地设置 ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` 即可。
261天前 翻译
140#翻译
If you want to let each individual user specify the language he or she prefers, use
``LocaleMiddleware`` . ``LocaleMiddleware`` enables language selection based on data from the
request. It customizes content for each user.
如果要让每一个使用者各自指定语言偏好,就需要使用 ``LocaleMiddleware`` 。 ``LocaleMiddleware`` 使得Django基于请求的数据进行语言选择,从而为每一位用户定制内容。
3346天前 Chacidy 翻译
141#翻译
To use ``LocaleMiddleware`` , add ``'django.middleware.locale.LocaleMiddleware'`` to your
``MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES`` setting. Because middleware order matters, you should follow these
guidelines:
使用 ``LocaleMiddleware`` 需要在 ``MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES`` 设置中增加 ``'django.middleware.locale.LocaleMiddleware'`` 。中间件的顺序是有影响的,最好按照依照以下要求:
3346天前 翻译
142#翻译
*   Make sure its among the first middleware classes installed.
*   保证它是第一批安装的中间件类。
3346天前 翻译
143#翻译
*   It should come after ``SessionMiddleware`` , because ``LocaleMiddleware`` makes use of
    session data.
*   因为 ``LocalMiddleware`` 要用到session数据,所以需要放在 ``SessionMiddleware`` 之后。
3346天前 Indian 翻译
144#翻译
*   If you use ``CacheMiddleware`` , put ``LocaleMiddleware`` after it (otherwise users could
    get cached content from the wrong locale).
*   如果使用了 ``CacheMiddleware`` ,将 ``LocaleMiddleware`` 放在 ``CacheMiddleware`` 之后(否则用户可能会从错误的本地化文件中取得缓冲数据)。
261天前 翻译
145#翻译
For example, your ``MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES`` might look like this:
例如, ``MIDDLE_CLASSES`` 可能会是如此:
261天前 Jaylan 翻译
148#翻译
``LocaleMiddleware`` tries to determine the users language preference by following this
algorithm:
``LocaleMiddleware`` 按照如下算法确定用户的语言:
3358天前 Kayleen 翻译
149#翻译
*   First, it looks for a ``django_language`` key in the current users session.
*   首先,在当前用户 session 的中查找键 ``django_language`` 的值;

3358天前 Linda 翻译
150#翻译
*   Failing that, it looks for a cookie called ``django_language`` .
*   如果失败的话,接着查找名为 ``django_language`` 的 cookie ;
3358天前 翻译
151#翻译
*   Failing that, it looks at the ``Accept-Language`` HTTP header. This header is sent by your
    browser and tells the server which language(s) you prefer, in order of priority. Django
    tries each language in the header until it finds one with available translations.
*   还是失败的话,就在 HTTP 请求头部查找 ``Accept-Language`` 关键字的值,该关键字是你的浏览器发送的,按优先顺序告诉服务器你的语言偏好。Django 会根据这些语言的顺序逐一搜索直到发现可用的翻译;

3357天前 Norm 翻译
152#翻译
*   Failing that, it uses the global ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` setting.
*   以上都失败了的话, 就使用全局的 ``LANGUAGE_CODE`` 设定值。

3358天前 翻译
153#翻译
In each of these places, the language preference is expected to be in the standard language
format, as a string. For example, Brazilian Portuguese is ``pt-br`` . If a base language is
available but the sub-language specified is not, Django uses the base language. For example, if
a user specifies ``de-at`` (Austrian German) but Django only has ``de`` available, Django uses
``de`` .
在上述每一处,语言偏好应作为字符串,以标准的语言格式出现。比如,巴西地区的葡萄牙语表示为 ``pt-br`` 。如果Django中只有基本语言而没有其衍生的字语言的话,Django将只是用基本语言。比如,如果用户指定了 ``de-at`` (澳式德语)但Django只有针对 ``de`` 的翻译,那么 ``de`` 会被选用。
3346天前 翻译
154#翻译
Only languages listed in the ``LANGUAGES`` setting can be selected. If you want to restrict the
language selection to a subset of provided languages (because your application doesnt provide
all those languages), set your ``LANGUAGES`` setting to a list of languages, for example:
只有在 ``LANGUAGES`` 设置中列出的语言才能被选用。若希望将语言限制为所提供语言中的某些(因为应用程序并不提供所有语言的表示),则将 ``LANGUAGES`` 设置为所希望提供语言的列表,例如:
3346天前 翻译
157#翻译
This example restricts languages that are available for automatic selection to German and
English (and any sub-language, like ``de-ch`` or ``en-us`` ).
上面这个例子限制了语言偏好只能是德语和英语(包括它们的子语言,如 ``de-ch`` 和 ``en-us`` )。
261天前 翻译
158#翻译
If you define a custom ``LANGUAGES`` , its OK to mark the languages as translation strings but
use a dummy ``gettext()`` function, not the one in ``django.utils.translation`` . You should
*never* import ``django.utils.translation`` from within your settings file, because that module
itself depends on the settings, and that would cause a circular import.
如果自定义了 ``LANGUAGES`` ,将语言标记为翻译字符串是可以的,但是,请不要使用 ``django.utils.translation`` 中的 ``gettext()`` (决不要在settings文件中导入 ``django.utils.translation`` ,因为这个模块本身是依赖于settings,这样做会导致无限循环),而是使用一个“虚构的” ``gettext()`` 。
3346天前 翻译
159#翻译
The solution is to use a dummy ``gettext()`` function. Heres a sample settings file:
解决方案就是使用一个“虚假的” ``gettext()`` 。以下是一个settings文件的例子:
3346天前 翻译
162#翻译
With this arrangement, ``make-messages.py`` will still find and mark these strings for
translation, but the translation wont happen at runtime, so youll have to remember to wrap the
languages in the *real* ``gettext()`` in any code that uses ``LANGUAGES`` at runtime.
这样做的话, ``make-messages.py`` 仍会寻找并标记出将要被翻译的这些字符串,但翻译不会再运行时进行,故而需要在任何使用 ``LANGUAGES`` 的代码中用“真实的” ``gettext()`` 来修饰这些语言。
261天前 翻译
163#翻译
The ``LocaleMiddleware`` can only select languages for which there is a Django-provided base
translation. If you want to provide translations for your application that arent already in the
set of translations in Djangos source tree, youll want to provide at least basic translations
for that language. For example, Django uses technical message IDs to translate date formats and
time formats so you will need at least those translations for the system to work correctly.
``LocaleMiddleware`` 只能选择那些Django已经提供了基础翻译的语言。如果想要在应用程序中对Django中还没有基础翻译的语言提供翻译,那么必须至少先提供该语言的基本的翻译。例如,Django使用特定的信息ID来翻译日期和时间格式,故要让系统正常工作,至少要提供这些基本的翻译。
261天前 翻译
164#翻译
A good starting point is to copy the English ``.po`` file and to translate at least the
technical messages, and maybe the validator messages, too.
以英语的 ``.po`` 文件为基础,翻译其中的技术相关的信息,可能还包括一些使之生效的信息。这会是一个好的开始。
261天前 翻译
165#翻译
Technical message IDs are easily recognized; theyre all uppercase. You dont translate the
message ID as with other messages; rather, you provide the correct local variant on the provided
English value. For example, with ``DATETIME_FORMAT`` (or ``DATE_FORMAT`` or ``TIME_FORMAT`` ),
this would be the format string that you want to use in your language. The format is identical
to the format strings used by the ``now`` template tag.
技术相关的信息ID很容易被人出来:它们都是大写的。这些信息ID的翻译与其他信息不同:你需要提供其对应的本地化内容。例如,对于 ``DATETIME_FORMAT`` (或 ``DATE_FORMAT`` 、 ``TIME_FORMAT`` ),应该提供希望在该语言中使用的格式化字符串。格式和 ``now`` 模板标签中使用的格式化字符串一样。
261天前 翻译
166#翻译
Once ``LocaleMiddleware`` determines the users preference, it makes this preference available as
``request.LANGUAGE_CODE`` for each request object. Feel free to read this value in your view
code. Heres a simple example:
一旦 ``LocalMiddleware`` 确定了用户的使用偏好,就将其以 ``request.LANGUAGE_CODE`` 的形式提供给每个请求对象。如此,在视图代码中就可以自由使用了。以下是一个简单的例子:
3346天前 翻译
169#翻译
Note that, with static (i.e. without middleware) translation, the language is in
``settings.LANGUAGE_CODE`` , while with dynamic (middleware) translation, its in
``request.LANGUAGE_CODE`` .
注意,静态翻译(即不经过中间件)中的语言设置是在 ``settings.LANGUAGE_CODE`` 中的,而动态翻译(即使用了中间件)的语言设置实在 ``request.LANGUAGE_CODE`` 。
3346天前 翻译
170#翻译
The set_language Redirect View
``````````````````````````````
set_language重定向视图
``````````````````````````````
3346天前 翻译
171#翻译
As a convenience, Django comes with a view, ``django.views.i18n.set_language`` , that sets a
users language preference and redirects back to the previous page.
方便起见,Django自带了一个 ``django.views.i18n.set_language`` 视图,作用是设置用户语言偏好并重定向返回到前一页面。
3346天前 翻译
172#翻译
Activate this view by adding the following line to your URLconf:
在URLconf中加入下面这行代码来激活这个视图:
3354天前 翻译
175#翻译
(Note that this example makes the view available at ``/i18n/setlang/`` .)
(注意这个例子使得这个视图在 ``/i18n/setlang/`` 中有效。)
261天前 翻译
176#翻译
The view expects to be called via the ``GET`` method, with a ``language`` parameter set in the
query string. If session support is enabled, the view saves the language choice in the users
session. Otherwise, it saves the language choice in a ``django_language`` cookie.
这个视图是通过 ``GET`` 方法调用的,在Query String中包含了 ``language`` 参数。如果session已启用,这个视图会将语言选择保存在用户的session中。否则,语言选择将被保存在名为 ``django_language`` 的cookie中。
3346天前 翻译
177#翻译
After setting the language choice, Django redirects the user, following this algorithm:
保存了语言选择后,Django根据以下算法来重定向页面:
3354天前 翻译
178#翻译
*   Django looks for a ``next`` parameter in the query string.
*   Django在提交的Query String中寻找 ``next`` 参数。
3346天前 翻译
179#翻译
*   If that doesnt exist or is empty, Django tries the URL in the ``Referer`` header.
*   如果 ``next`` 参数不存在或为空,Django尝试重定向页面为HTML头部信息中 ``Referer`` 的值。
3346天前 翻译
180#翻译
*   If thats empty say, if a users browser suppresses that header then the user will be
    redirected to ``/`` (the site root) as a fallback.
*   如果 ``Referer`` 也是空的,即该用户的浏览器并不发送 ``Referer`` 头信息,则页面将重定向到 ``/`` (页面根目录)。
3346天前 翻译
181#翻译
Heres example HTML template code:
这是一个HTML模板代码的例子:
3353天前 翻译
184#翻译
Using Translations in Your Own Projects
```````````````````````````````````````
在你自己的项目中使用翻译
```````````````````````````````````````
3346天前 翻译
185#翻译
Django looks for translations by following this algorithm:
Django使用以下算法寻找翻译:
3353天前 翻译
186#翻译
*   First, it looks for a ``locale`` directory in the application directory of the view thats
    being called. If it finds a translation for the selected language, the translation will be
    installed.
*   首先,Django在该视图所在的应用程序文件夹中寻找 ``locale`` 目录。若找到所选语言的翻译,则加载该翻译。
3346天前 翻译
187#翻译
*   Next, it looks for a ``locale`` directory in the project directory. If it finds a
    translation, the translation will be installed.
*   第二步,Django在项目目录中寻找 ``locale`` 目录。若找到翻译,则加载该翻译。
3346天前 翻译
188#翻译
*   Finally, it checks the base translation in ``django/conf/locale`` .
*   最后,Django使用 ``django/conf/locale`` 目录中的基本翻译。
3346天前 翻译
189#翻译
This way, you can write applications that include their own translations, and you can override
base translations in your project path. Or, you can just build a big project out of several
applications and put all translations into one big project message file. The choice is yours.
以这种方式,你可以创建包含独立翻译的应用程序,可以覆盖项目中的基本翻译。或者,你可以创建一个包含几个应用程序的大项目,并将所有需要的翻译放在一个大的项目信息文件中。决定权在你手中。
3353天前 翻译
190#翻译
Note
注意
3353天前 翻译
191#翻译
If youre using manually configured settings, the ``locale`` directory in the project directory
will not be examined, since Django loses the ability to work out the location of the project
directory. (Django normally uses the location of the settings file to determine this, and a
settings file doesnt exist if youre manually configuring your settings.)
如果是使用手动配置的settings文件,因Django无法获取项目目录的位置,所以项目目录下的 ``locale`` 目录将不会被检查。(Django一般使用settings文件的位置来确定项目目录,而若手动配置settings文件,则settings文件不会在该目录中。)
3346天前 翻译
192#翻译
All message file repositories are structured the same way:
所有的信息文件库都是以同样方式组织的:
3353天前 翻译
193#翻译
*   ``$APPPATH/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
*   ``$APPPATH/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
3353天前 翻译
194#翻译
*   ``$PROJECTPATH/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
*   ``$PROJECTPATH/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
3353天前 翻译
195#翻译
*   All paths listed in ``LOCALE_PATHS`` in your settings file are searched in that order for
    ``<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
*   所有在settings文件中 ``LOCALE_PATHS`` 中列出的路径以其列出的顺序搜索 ``<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)`` 
3346天前 翻译
196#翻译
*   ``$PYTHONPATH/django/conf/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
*   ``$PYTHONPATH/django/conf/locale/<language>/LC_MESSAGES/django.(po|mo)``
3353天前 翻译
197#翻译
To create message files, you use the same ``make-messages.py`` tool as with the Django message
files. You only need to be in the right place in the directory where either the ``conf/locale``
(in case of the source tree) or the ``locale/`` (in case of application messages or project
messages) directory is located. And you use the same ``compile-messages.py`` to produce the
binary ``django.mo`` files that are used by ``gettext`` .
要创建信息文件,也是使用 ``make-messages.py`` 工具,和Django信息文件一样。需要做的就是改变到正确的目录下—— ``conf/locale`` (在源码树的情况下)或者 ``locale/`` (在应用程序信息或项目信息的情况下)所在的目录下。同样地,使用 ``compile-messages.py`` 生成 ``gettext`` 需要使用的二进制 ``django.mo`` 文件。
3346天前 翻译
198#翻译
Application message files are a bit complicated to discover they need the ``LocaleMiddleware`` .
If you dont use the middleware, only the Django message files and project message files will be
processed.
应用程序信息文件稍微难以发现——因为它们需要 ``LocaleMiddle`` 。如果不使用中间件,Django只会处理Django的信息文件和项目的信息文件。
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199#翻译
Finally, you should give some thought to the structure of your translation files. If your
applications need to be delivered to other users and will be used in other projects, you might
want to use application-specific translations. But using application-specific translations and
project translations could produce weird problems with ``make-messages`` . ``make-messages``
will traverse all directories below the current path and so might put message IDs into the
project message file that are already in application message files.
最后,需要考虑一下翻译文件的结构。若应用程序要发放给其他用户,应用到其它项目中,可能需要使用应用程序相关的翻译。但是,使用应用程序相关的翻译和项目翻译在使用 ``make-messages`` 时会产生古怪的问题。 ``make-messages`` 会遍历当前路径下的所有目录,所以可能会将应用程序信息文件已有的信息ID放在项目信息文件中。
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200#翻译
The easiest way out is to store applications that are not part of the project (and so carry
their own translations) outside the project tree. That way, ``make-messages`` on the project
level will only translate strings that are connected to your explicit project and not strings
that are distributed independently.
最容易的解决方法就是将不属于项目的应用程序(因此附带着本身的翻译)存储在项目树之外。这样做的话,项目级的 ``make-messages`` 将只会翻译与项目精确相关的,而不包括那些独立发布的应用程序中的字符串。
3346天前 翻译
201#翻译
Translations and JavaScript
```````````````````````````
翻译与JavaScript
3353天前 翻译
202#翻译
Adding translations to JavaScript poses some problems:
将翻译添加到JavaScript会引起一些问题:
3353天前 翻译
203#翻译
*   JavaScript code doesnt have access to a ``gettext`` implementation.
*   JavaScript代码无法访问一个 ``gettext`` 的实现。
3346天前 翻译
204#翻译
*   JavaScript code doesnt have access to ``.po`` or ``.mo`` files; they need to be delivered by
    the server.
*   JavaScript代码无法访问 ``.po`` 或 ``.mo`` 文件,它们需要由服务器分发。
3346天前 翻译
205#翻译
*   The translation catalogs for JavaScript should be kept as small as possible.
*   针对JavaScript的翻译目录应尽量小。
3353天前 翻译
206#翻译
Django provides an integrated solution for these problems: it passes the translations into
JavaScript, so you can call ``gettext`` and friends from within JavaScript.
Django已经提供了一个集成解决方案:它会将翻译传递给JavaScript,因此就可以在JavaScript中调用 ``gettext`` 之类的代码。
3346天前 翻译
207#翻译
The javascript_catalog View
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''
javascript_catalog视图
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''
3353天前 翻译
208#翻译
The main solution to these problems is the ``javascript_catalog`` view, which generates a
JavaScript code library with functions that mimic the ``gettext`` interface, plus an array of
translation strings. Those translation strings are taken from the application, project, or
Django core, according to what you specify in either the ``info_dict`` or the URL.
这些问题的主要解决方案就是 ``javascript_catalog`` 视图。该视图生成一个JavaScript代码库,包括模仿 ``gettext`` 接口的函数,和翻译字符串的数组。这些翻译字符串来自应用程序,项目,或者Django核心,具体由 ``info_dict`` 或URL来确定。
3346天前 翻译
209#翻译
You hook it up like this:
像这样使用:
3353天前 翻译
212#翻译
Each string in ``packages`` should be in Python dotted-package syntax (the same format as the
strings in ``INSTALLED_APPS`` ) and should refer to a package that contains a ``locale``
directory. If you specify multiple packages, all those catalogs are merged into one catalog.
This is useful if youre depending upon JavaScript that uses strings from different applications.
``packages`` 里的每个字符串应该是Python中的点分割的包的表达式形式(和在 ``INSTALLED_APPS`` 中的字符串相同的格式),而且应指向包含 ``locale`` 目录的包。如果指定了多个包,所有的目录会合并成一个目录。如果有用到来自不同应用程序的字符串的JavaScript,这种机制会很有帮助。
3346天前 翻译
213#翻译
You can make the view dynamic by putting the packages into the URL pattern:
你可以动态使用视图,将包放在urlpatterns里:
3353天前 翻译
216#翻译
With this, you specify the packages as a list of package names delimited by plus signs (``+`` )
in the URL. This is especially useful if your pages use code from different applications, and
this changes often and you dont want to pull in one big catalog file. As a security measure,
these values can only be either ``django.conf`` or any package from the ``INSTALLED_APPS``
setting.
这样的话,就可以在URL中指定由加号( ``+`` )分隔包名的包了。如果页面使用来自不同应用程序的代码,且经常改变,还不想将其放在一个大的目录文件中,对于这些情况,显然这是很有用的。出于安全考虑,这些值只能是 ``django.conf`` 或 ``INSTALLED_APPS`` 设置中的包。
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217#翻译
Using the JavaScript Translation Catalog
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
使用JavaScript翻译目录
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
3346天前 翻译
218#翻译
To use the catalog, just pull in the dynamically generated script like this:
要使用这个目录,只要这样引入动态生成的脚本:
3353天前 翻译
221#翻译
This is how the admin site fetches the translation catalog from the server. When the catalog is
loaded, your JavaScript code can use the standard ``gettext`` interface to access it:
这就是管理页面如何从服务器获取翻译目录。当目录加载后,JavaScript代码就能通过标准的 ``gettext`` 接口进行访问:
3346天前 翻译
224#翻译
There even is a ``ngettext`` interface and a string interpolation function:
甚至有一个 ``ngettext`` 接口和一个字符串查补函数:
3346天前 翻译
227#翻译
The ``interpolate`` function supports both positional interpolation and named interpolation. So
the preceding code could have been written as follows:
``interpolate`` 函数支持位置插补和名字查补。因此前面的代码也可以写成这样:
3346天前 翻译
230#翻译
The interpolation syntax is borrowed from Python. You shouldnt go over the top with string
interpolation, though this is still JavaScript, so the code will have to do repeated
regular-expression substitutions. This isnt as fast as string interpolation in Python, so keep
it to those cases where you really need it (e.g., in conjunction with ``ngettext`` to produce
proper pluralization).
插补的语法是借鉴了Python。但不应该超过字符串插补的能力,这仍然还是JavaScript,因此代码将不得不做重复的正则替换。它不会和Python中的字符串插补一样快,因此只有真正需要的时候再使用它(例如,利用 ``ngettext`` 生成合适的复数形式)。
3346天前 翻译
231#翻译
Creating JavaScript Translation Catalogs
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
创建JavaScript翻译目录
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
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232#翻译
You create and update the translation catalogs the same way as the other Django translation
catalogs: with the ```make-messages.py``` tool. The only difference is you need to provide a
``-d djangojs`` parameter, like this:
用和其它Django翻译目录相同的方法来创建和更新JavaScript翻译目录:用 ```make-messages.py``` 工具。唯一的差别是需要提供一个 ``-d djangojs`` 的参数,就像这样:
3346天前 翻译
235#翻译
This creates or updates the translation catalog for JavaScript for German. After updating
translation catalogs, just run ``compile-messages.py`` the same way as you do with normal Django
translation catalogs.
这样来创建或更新JavaScript的德语翻译目录。和普通的Django翻译目录一样,更新了翻译目录后,运行 ``compile-messages.py`` 即可。
3346天前 翻译
236#翻译
Notes for Users Familiar with ``gettext``
`````````````````````````````````````````
熟悉 ``gettext`` 用户的注意事项
`````````````````````````````````````````
3346天前 翻译
237#翻译
If you know ``gettext`` , you might note these special things in the way Django does
translation:
如果你了解 ``gettext`` ,你可能会发现Django进行翻译时的一些特殊的东西:
3346天前 翻译
238#翻译
*   The string domain is ``django`` or ``djangojs`` . The string domain is used to differentiate
    between different programs that store their data in a common message-file library (usually
    ``/usr/share/locale/`` ). The ``django`` domain is used for Python and template translation
    strings, and is loaded into the global translation catalogs. The ``djangojs`` domain is only
    used for JavaScript translation catalogs to make sure that those are as small as possible.
*   字符串域为 ``django`` 或 ``djangojs`` 。字符串域是用来区别将数据存储在同一信息文件库(一般是 ``/usr/share/locale/`` )的不同程序。 ``django`` 域是为Python和模板翻译字符串服务的,被加载到全局翻译目录。 ``djangojs`` 域用在JavaScript翻译目录中,以确保其足够小。
3346天前 翻译
239#翻译
*   Django only uses ``gettext`` and ``gettext_noop`` . Thats because Django always uses
    ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` strings internally. There isnt much benefit to using ``ugettext`` ,
    because youll always need to produce UTF-8 anyway.
*   Django仅适用 ``gettext`` 和 ``gettext_noop`` 。这是因为Django总是内在地使用 ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` 字符串。使用 ``ugettext`` 并没有什么好处,因为总是需要生成UTF-8。
3346天前 翻译
240#翻译
*   Django doesnt use ``xgettext`` alone. It uses Python wrappers around ``xgettext`` and
    ``msgfmt`` . Thats mostly for convenience.
*   Django不单独使用 ``xgettext`` ,而是经过Python包装后的 ``xgettext`` 和 ``msgfmt`` 。这主要是为了方便。
3346天前 翻译
241#翻译
Whats Next?
```````````
下一章
```````````
3353天前 翻译
242#翻译
This chapter mostly concludes our coverage of Djangos features. You should now know enough to
start producing your own Django sites.
这一章基本上已经结束了我们对于Django特性的介绍。你应该已经掌握了创建你自己Django页面的知识。
3353天前 翻译
243#翻译
However, writing the code is only the first step in deploying a successful Web site. The next
two chapters cover the things youll need to know if you want your site to survive in the real
world. Chapter 19 discuses how you can secure your sites and your users from malicious
attackers, and Chapter 20 details how to deploy a Django application onto one or many servers.
然而,编码工作仅仅是部署一个成功网站的第一步。接下来的两章包括了你的网站在网络世界的生存之道。第19章讨论了如何防范恶意攻击,以增强站点的安全性,保护使用者的安全;第20章详述了如何将一个Django应用程序部署到一个或多个服务器上。
3353天前 翻译